Liver transplant is a procedure to replace the damaged liver of a person with a healthy liver of another person. Also known as hepatic transplantation, the surgical procedure takes anywhere from 4 hours to 18 hours depending on the criticality.
The liver has the great ability to regenerate, which makes it possible for a close family member or friend to donate a segment of his or her liver. Once transplanted, the segment regenerates, increasing in size to accommodate the recipient's bodily needs.
The main aim of a liver transplant is to replace the unhealthy liver with a healthier one, thus leading to the restoration of regular health of the patient. A successful liver transplant can cure a number of critical liver diseases which include -
- Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency
- Sclerosing cholangitis
- Chronic hepatitis
- Biliary atresia
The following is a list of important documents that are required to get approval for the transplantation
- Proof of Relationship between the donor and recipient from acourt of law in the country of residence
- Referral letter from treating hospital of the country of residence
- No objection letter from the Donor
- Family Tree document by the issuing authority in the country of residence
- Passport size photographs of the Donor, Recipient and other family members travelling with them.
Robotic-assisted surgery involves a medical procedure being carried out by a robot. The robotic arm is assisted by computers and controlled by a human, usually the surgeon or a doctor who is proficient in that procedure.
The miniaturized instruments make the procedure 'minimally invasive'. The high-definition 3-D camera gives a magnified image of the surgery, providing maximum precision and amazing results. Moreover, the surgery can be recorded for future research and treatment.
- Enhanced recovery rate
- Fewer risks of infection
- Reduced loss of patient's blood
- High success rates
- Maximum safety and comfort for patients
The advancement of technical expertise and capacity enhancement with robotic surgery has driven medical procedures towards clinical excellence. The following is a list of some of the procedures that can now be categorized as robotic surgeries.
- Colonic Surgery
- Colorectal Surgery
- Cancers of Uterus and Cervix Surgery
- Gastrointestinal Cancer Surgeries (Colon, Rectum, Uterus etc)
- Hepato biliary and Pancreatic Surgery
- Hysterectomy for benign Cancers Surgery
- Low Anterior Resection Surgery
- Lung and Mediastinum and Chest tumours (VATS) Surgeries
- Oesophageal Cancer Surgeries (VATS)
- Paediatric Abdominal & Thoracic surgery
- Partial Nephrectomy
- Prolapse Surgery
- Radical Cystectomy
- Radical Prostectomy
- Rectal Cancer Surgery
- Urology Cancer Surgeries
Bone Marrow Transplantation (BMT)
The bone-marrow is the flexible sponge-like tissue present in the bones. A Bone Marrow Transplantation (BMT) involves transfer of the donor's healthy stem cells to the recipient's bone marrow, who has developed a particular type of bone cancer.
For an adult who has been identified with a type of bone cancer, the cardiac ejection rate should be less than or equal to 45% to be eligible for the transplant. Also, the LFT's and HLA-match are the other criteria that determine the eligibility of Bone Marrow Transplantation for a patient. Also known as Hematopoietic stem cell transplant or simply, Stem cell transplant, there are two different kinds of BMT -
1) Autologous BMT: The stems are acquired from the patient's own body
2) Allogeneic BMT: The stems are acquired from another person (donor).
BMT is considered a permanent solution to various problems that can arise out of complications in the stem cells of a patient and treat diseases like -
- Benign Diseases: Severe Aplastic Anaemia, Thalassemia and Immune Deficiency Disorders.
- Malignant Diseases: Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Joint Replacement Surgery
Joint replacement surgery is considered to solve critical issue like severe joint pain or dysfunction which hasn't been alleviated by less-invasive therapies. The various types of joint replacement surgeries include -
- Robot-assisted Knee Replacement
- Custom-fit Knee Replacement
- Elbow Replacements
- Hip Resurfacing
- Minimally-invasive Knee replacement
- Partial Knee Replacement
- Shoulder Replacements
- Total Hip Replacement
- Total Knee Replacement
- Wrist Replacements
Knee and Hip replacement surgeries can be considered for patients with arthritic knee pain that severely limits their daily activities. Choosing the right implant depends on various factors as age, activity level and the implant's characteristics.
The various benefits following surgery are -
- Relief from arthritis
- Relief from severe pain that limits mobility
- Correction of deformity - either bowleg or knock knees
- Relief from stiffness
It is a procedure performed to solve health issues that are associated with excessive weight gain. The surgical procedure involves altering the digestive system to treat critical conditions of obesity disorders. The surgery is intended for people with a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 40 or greater.
- The bariatric bypass techniques augment the early sensation of fullness in the patient's stomach, thus decreasing excessive food intake
- Converts extra fat to glucose enhancing weight loss
- Reduces the size of the abdomen
It has been observed that patients who underwent bariatric surgery had significantly reduced rates of developing cancer, endocrinological disorders, infectious diseases, cardiovascular diseases, musculoskeletal disorders and pulmonary disorders.
However, it is advisable that the Bariatric surgery should not be considered until you have discussed all other possible options with your doctor.